See below for our current list of articles and studies which are contributing to our research.

Amato, F., Favez, O., Pandolfi, M., Alastuey, A., Querol, X., Moukhtar, S., Bruge, B., Verlhac, S., Orza, J.A.G., Bonnaire, N., Le Priol, T., Petit, J.-F., Sciare, J., 2016. Traffic induced particle resuspension in Paris: Emission factors and source contributions. Atmospheric Environment 129, 114–124. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.01.022

Anja Verschoor, n.d. Towards a definition of microplastics : Considerations for the specification of physico-chemical properties

Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), 2014. Synthetic microfibers and particles at a municipal waste water treatment plant. BASE Project – Implementation of the Baltic Sea Action Plan in Russia.

Bergmann, M., Gutow, L., Klages, M. (Eds.), 2015. Marine Anthropogenic Litter. Springer International Publishing.

Blok, J., 2005. Environmental exposure of road borders to zinc. Science of The Total Environment 348, 173–190. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2004.12.073

Broeke et al, 2008. Road traffic tyre wear – Emission estimates for diffuse sources.pdf.

Browne, M.A., Crump, P., Niven, S.J., Teuten, E., Tonkin, A., Galloway, T., Thompson, R., 2011. Accumulation of microplastic on shorelines worldwide: sources and sinks. Environ. Sci. Technol. 45, 9175–9179. doi:10.1021/es201811s

Carr, S.A., Liu, J., Tesoro, A.G., 2016. Transport and fate of microplastic particles in wastewater treatment plants. Water Research 91, 174–182. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.01.002

Carsten Lassen, et al, 2015. Microplastics – Occurrence, effects and sources of releases to the environment in Denmark. The Danish Environmental Protection Agency.

Chang, M., 2015. Reducing microplastics from facial exfoliating cleansers in wastewater through treatment versus consumer product decisions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 101, 330–333. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.10.074

Christiane Pakula, Rainer Stamminger, 2010. Electricity and water consumption for laundry washing by washing machine worldwide. Energy Efficiency 3, 365–382.

David Hirst, Oliver Bennett, 2017. Microbeads and microplastics in cosmetic and personal care products.

Deltares, TNO Consulting, 2014. Emissieschattingen Diffuse bronnen Emissieregistratie: Bandenslijtage wegverkeer. Rijkswaterstaat – WVL.

Department for Transport (UK), 2013. Action for Roads: A network for the 21st century. UK Parliament.

Duis, K., Coors, A., 2016. Microplastics in the aquatic and terrestrial environment: sources (with a specific focus on personal care products), fate and effects. Environmental Sciences Europe 28, 2. doi:10.1186/s12302-015-0069-y

Dyachenko, A., Mitchell, J., Arsem, N., 2016. Extraction and identification of microplastic particles from secondary wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent. Anal. Methods. doi:10.1039/C6AY02397E

Estahbanati, S., Fahrenfeld, N.L., 2016. Influence of wastewater treatment plant discharges on microplastic concentrations in surface water. Chemosphere 162, 277–284. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.07.083

Fjendbo Petersen, M., Clausen, L., Vezzaro, L., Sølling, J., Sølling, J., Eriksson, E., Mikkelsen, P.S., 2012. Afstrømning fra tagflader og bef\a estede arealer–Vurdering af forureningsrisici for grundvand. Naturstyrelsen.

Font, A., Fuller, G.W., 2016. Did policies to abate atmospheric emissions from traffic have a positive effect in London? Environmental Pollution 218, 463–474. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.07.026

GESAMP, 2016. Sources, fate and effects of microplastics in the marine environment: part 2 of a global assessment.

GESAMP, 2015. Sources, Fates and Effects of Microplastics in the Marine Environment: A Global Assessment.

GRPE, 2013. Particulate Matter Emissions by Tyres – Transmitted by the expert from the Russian Federation.

Hartline, N.L., Bruce, N.J., Karba, S.N., Ruff, E.O., Sonar, S.U., Holden, P.A., 2016. Microfiber Masses Recovered from Conventional Machine Washing of New or Aged Garments. Environ. Sci. Technol. 50, 11532–11538. doi:10.1021/acs.est.6b03045

Julien Boucher, Damien Friot, 2017. Primary Microplastics in the Oceans: a Global Evaluation of Sources. International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Kerstin Magnusson, et al., 2016. Swedish sources and pathways for microplastics to the marine environment. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency.

Klein et al., 2015. Methods for calculating emission from transport in Netherlands.

Klein et al., 2007. Methods for calculating emissions from transport in the netherlands.

Klein, J., Hulskotte, J., van Duynhoven, N., Hensema, A., Broekhuizen, D., 2016. Methods for calculating the emissions of transport in the Netherlands. The report, including the tables in the Excelfile, can be found on: http://www. cbs. nl.

Leslie, H.A., Brandsma, S.H., van Velzen, M.J.M., Vethaak, A.D., 2017. Microplastics en route: Field measurements in the Dutch river delta and Amsterdam canals, wastewater treatment plants, North Sea sediments and biota. Environment International. doi:10.1016/j.envint.2017.01.018

Liu, E.K., He, W.Q., Yan, C.R., 2014. “White revolution” to “white pollution”—agricultural plastic film mulch in China. Environ. Res. Lett. 9, 091001. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/9/091001

Luhana et al., 2004. Characterisation of exhaust particulate emissions from road vehicles – Measurement of non-exhaust particulate matter.

Magnusson, K., 2014. Mikroskräp i avloppsvatten från tre norska avloppsreningsverk (Micro Debris in wastewater from three Norwegian sewage treatment). IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.

Magnusson, K., Wahlberg, C., 2014. Mikroskopiska skräppartiklar i vatten från avloppsreningsverk (Microscopic particles of debris in the water from sewage treatment). IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.

Mason, S.A., Garneau, D., Sutton, R., Chu, Y., Ehmann, K., Barnes, J., Fink, P., Papazissimos, D., Rogers, D.L., 2016. Microplastic pollution is widely detected in US municipal wastewater treatment plant effluent. Environmental Pollution 218, 1045–1054. doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2016.08.056

Mats Gustaffson, 2001. Non-exhaust particles in the road environment – a literature review.

Mepex, 2016. Primary microplastic- pollution: Measures and reduction potentials in Norway.

Mepex, 2014. Sources of microplastic pollution to the marine environment. Norwegian Environment Agency.

Michielssen, M.R., Michielssen, E.R., Ni, J., Duhaime, M.B., 2016. Fate of microplastics and other small anthropogenic litter (SAL) in wastewater treatment plants depends on unit processes employed. Environ. Sci.: Water Res. Technol. 2, 1064–1073. doi:10.1039/C6EW00207B

Miguel Mucha Torre, 2015. Microplastics In Waste Water Treatment Plants And Separation Techniques.

Mintenig, S., et al., 2014. Mikroplastik in ausgewählten Kläranlagen des Oldenburgisch- Ostfriesischen Wasserverbandes (OOWV) in Niedersachsen (Microplastic in selected sewage treatment plants in the Oldenburgisch- Ostfriesischen Water Association (OOWV) in Lower Saxony). Oldenburgisch- Ostfriesischer water (OOWV).

Mintenig, S.M., Int-Veen, I., Löder, M.G.J., Primpke, S., Gerdts, G., 2017. Identification of microplastic in effluents of waste water treatment plants using focal plane array-based micro-Fourier-transform infrared imaging. Water Research 108, 365–372. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2016.11.015

Murphy, F., Ewins, C., Carbonnier, F., Quinn, B., 2016. Wastewater Treatment Works (WwTW) as a Source of Microplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Environ. Sci. Technol. 50, 5800–5808. doi:10.1021/acs.est.5b05416

Napper, I.E., Thompson, R.C., 2016. Release of synthetic microplastic plastic fibres from domestic washing machines: Effects of fabric type and washing conditions. Marine Pollution Bulletin 112, 39–45. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2016.09.025

Nicolas Bruce, et al., 2016. Microfibre Pollution and the apparel industry. Patagonia.

OECD, 2013. “Road traffic, vehicles and networks”, in Environment at a Glance 2013: OECD Indicators.

OECD, 2009. Emission Scenario Document On Coating Industry (Paints, Lacquers and Varnishes).

Okopol Institute, 2011. Report on Potential Scope Extension of the Directive Covering Road Markings.

Roland Essel, et al., 2014. Sources of microplastics relevant to marine protection. Federal Environment Agency (Germany).

Simons, A., 2016. Road transport: new life cycle inventories for fossil-fuelled passenger cars and non-exhaust emissions in ecoinvent v3. Int J Life Cycle Assess 21, 1299–1313. doi:10.1007/s11367-013-0642-9

Sörme, L., Lagerkvist, R., 2002. Sources of heavy metals in urban wastewater in Stockholm. Science of The Total Environment 298, 131–145. doi:10.1016/S0048-9697(02)00197-3

Steinmetz, Z., Wollmann, C., Schaefer, M., Buchmann, C., David, J., Tröger, J., Muñoz, K., Frör, O., Schaumann, G.E., 2016. Plastic mulching in agriculture. Trading short-term agronomic benefits for long-term soil degradation? Sci. Total Environ. 550, 690–705. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.01.153

Talvitie, J., Heinonen, M., Pääkkönen, J.-P., Vahtera, E., Mikola, A., Setälä, O., Vahala, R., 2015. Do wastewater treatment plants act as a potential point source of microplastics? Preliminary study in the coastal Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea. Water Sci. Technol. 72, 1495–1504. doi:10.2166/wst.2015.360

Thompson, R.C., 2015. Microplastics in the marine environment: Sources, consequences and solutions, in: Melanie Bergmann, Lars Gutow, Michael Klages (Eds.), Marine Anthropogenic Litter. Springer International Publishing.

Timmers, V.R.J.H., Achten, P.A.J., 2016. Non-exhaust PM emissions from electric vehicles. Atmospheric Environment 134, 10–17. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.03.017

United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), 2016. Marine plastic debris and microplastics – Global lessons and research to inspire action and guide policy change.

Verschoor, A., et al., 2014. Quick scan and Prioritization of Microplastic Sources and Emissions. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM) (Netherlands).

Verschoor et al., 2016. Emission of microplastics and potential mitigation measures Abrasive cleaning agents, paints and tyre wear. National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (Netherlands).

What Comes Out in the Wash, n.d.

Wout Van Echelpoel, 2014. Microplastics in a biological wastewater treatment plant and the surrounding freshwater environment in Flanders: Quantitative assessment. University of Ghent.

Ziajahromi, S., Neale, P.A., Rintoul, L., Leusch, F.D.L., 2017. Wastewater treatment plants as a pathway for microplastics: Development of a new approach to sample wastewater-based microplastics. Water Research 112, 93–99. doi:10.1016/j.watres.2017.01.042